The history of saffron mixes its medical, culinary, spiritual and magical virtues …
Some of the “magic powers” of Safran evoke happiness, love, sensuality, longevity, covetousness, psychic powers, strength …
The doubt remains, but Safran would find its origin in Asia Minor and
/ or in the Eastern Mediterranean basin (sacred flower in ancient Crete
symbol of the sun).
5000 years ago, Safran was introduced to cashmere by the Mongol invasions.
The mythology evokes Zeus, inviting his companions on layers of Safran to multiply its sexual force and stimulate its conquests, by this flower with aphrodisiac properties. The “saffron yellow” is the color of love, desire and voluptuousness.
The first mention of cooking in the wine is Persian: – “The cook of
King Zohac had seasoned the back of a calf with old wine, saffron and
This writing dates from five thousand years!
The virtues of Safran are known from Antiquity, they will be cited by Homer, Pliny the Elder, Quintus Curce and Virgil, then Hippocrates and Avicenna.
Saffron appears in the Ebers papyrus, which is the oldest known
medical treatise, dating back to 1550 BC, in which he has his own
Saffron was then used for its medicinal properties.
The health flower came in more than 30 medical recipes.
The Egyptians and the Hebrews used it for culinary purposes and during the holidays.
During the religious ceremonies, saffron was burned to purify the sanctuaries and attract the good spirits. The bands of the mummies were dyed with saffron.
Cleopatra used perfumed oils to seduce her lovers. The first true eau de toilette, the Kyphi, was made of resin of terebinth, odorous rushes, nutsedge, saffron, cinnamon, raisins, wine, myrrh and honey.
The kohl, which made the eyes of Oriental women look black, was a very fine powder obtained by crushing antimony (metallic mineral extracted from the mountainous rocks of Arabia) to which was added saffron, cloves or pink . The kohl protected against the aggressions of the wind and the sand while preventing the eye infections by its medicinal virtues.
In the East, Safran is used for its aphrodisiac powers: this sexual strengthening infused in tea increases the sensitivity and the desire of the woman while multiplying the vitality and the virility of the man …
Legend has it that Alexander the Great, who had arrived in cashmere,
had set up his encampment of 120,000 men in a bare plain. The next day
he discovered his army in the midst of an ocean of mauve flowers,
suddenly appearing, even in his tent and under the horses’ hooves.
Believing in a spell, he turned around without fighting.
About 500 BC, shortly after the death of Buddha, the monks colored their robes in “solar yellow”, a sacred color of Buddhist monks, a symbol of purity, holiness and immortality.
The Assyrian high priests led a nocturnal procession to the cult of
the magical bloom of Safran. A young virgin picked the first flower out
of the earth, with her pure hands …
Then the magician priests interpreted the red scrolls drawn by the stigmas of Safran scattered on the surface of the water of the Tigris.
Romans burned the saffron as incense during religious ceremonies and
covered the grounds of the theaters with its purple flowers evoking
sensuality and longevity.
The sybarites drank it in an infusion before sacrificing to Venus and Bacchus.
In Morocco, the newborn’s head was shaved with a mixture of argan and saffron on the day of his baptism.
In Lebanon, an offering was offered to the goddess of Love, very saffron cakes to attract the happiness of love …
In Greece, the veils of the young brides were dyed yellow.
A porridge composed of cereals, honey and saffron was appreciated by the Gauls who drew strength and vitality.
In the Middle Ages, the monks illuminated Saffron. This golden ink illuminated the aureole of the Saints. Safran was, at the time, widely used by apothecaries who sold it for gold.